Arrangement of Sections:
1 Establishment of the Corporate Affairs Commission.
2 Establishment of Governing Board of the Commission.
3 Tenure of office and vacancy on the Board.
4 Functions of the Board.
5 Remuneration and allowance of members.
6 Proceedings of the Board.
7 Disclosure of interest.
8 Functions of the Commission.
9 Appointment of Registrar-General.
10 Appointment of Staff.
11 Right to appear in Court.
12 Service in the Commission to be pensionable.
13 Fund of the Commission.
14 Expenditure of the Commission.
15 Annual accounts, audit and estimates.
16 Annual report.
17 Pre-action notice and restriction on levy of execution.
CHAPTER 1: FORMATION OF COMPANY
18 Right to form a company.
19 Association and Partnership of more than 20 members when permitted.
20 Capacity of individual to form company.
21 Types of companies.
22 Private company
23 Consequences of default in complying with conditions constituting a private company.
24 Public company.
25 Unlimited company.
26 Company limited by guarantee.
MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION
27 Requirements with respect to the memorandum of a company.
NAME OF COMPANY
28 Form of memorandum of association.
29 Name as stated in the memorandum of association.
30 Change of name of company.
31 Reservation of name.
32 Articles of association.
33 Power of Minister to prescribe model articles.
34 Default application of model articles.
35 Statement of company’s objects.
36 Registration documents.
37 Statement of capital and initial shareholdings.
38 Statement of guarantee.
39 Statement of proposed Directors.
40 Statement of compliance.
42 Effect of registration.
CAPACITY AND POWERS OF COMPANIES
43 Powers of companies and prohibition of donations for political purpose.
44 Effect of ultra vires acts.
45 Effect of reliance on restrictions in the memorandum.
46 Effect of memorandum and articles.
47 Member’s right to copies of memorandum, etc.
48 Copies of memorandum issued to embody alterations.
49 Restriction on alteration of memorandum.
50 Alteration of memorandum.
51 Mode of alteration of business or objects.
52 Power to alter provisions in the memorandum in certain cases.
53 Alteration of articles.
54 Limitation of liability to contribute to share capital if memorandum, etc., altered.
CHAPTER 2 – RE-REGISTRATION OF COMPANIES
55 Alteration of status by re-registration.
56 Re-registration of private company as public.
57 Requirements as to share capital.
58 Requirements as to net assets.
59 Recent allotment of shares for non-cash consideration.
60 Application and accompanying documents.
61 Statement of proposed secretary.
62 Issue of certificate of incorporation on re-registration.
63 Re-registration of public company as private limited company.
64 Application to Court to cancel resolution.
65 Notice to Commission of Court application or order.
66 Application and accompanying documents.
67 Issue of certificate of incorporation on re-registration.
68 Re-registration of private limited company as unlimited.
69 Application and accompanying documents.
70 Issue of certificate of incorporation on re-registration.
71 Re-registration of unlimited company as limited.
72 Application and accompanying documents.
73 Issue of certificate of incorporation on re-registration.
74 Statement of capital required where company already has share capital.
75 Re-registration of public company as unlimited.
76 Application and accompanying documents.
77 Issue of certificate of incorporation on re-registration.
CHAPTER 3 – FOREIGN COMPANIES
78 Foreign Companies intending to carry on business in Nigeria.
80 Power to exempt foreign companies.
81 Annual report.
82 Exempted foreign company to have status of unregistered company.
83 Penalties for false information.
84 Application of certain sections to foreign companies.
CHAPTER 4 – PROMOTERS
85 Persons promoting a company.
86 Duties and liabilities of a promoter.
CHAPTER 5 – ACTS BY OR ON BEHALF OF THE COMPANY EXERCISE OF COMPANY’S POWERS
87 Division of powers between general meeting and board of directors.
88 Delegation to committees and managing directors.
LIABILITY FOR ACTS OF THE COMPANY
89 Acts of the general meeting, board of directors, or of managing directors.
90 Acts of officers or agents.
91 When provision exempting, officer or other person from liability to the company is void.
92 Abolition of constructive notice of registered documents.
93 Presumptions of regularity.
94 Liability of company not affected by fraud or forgery of officer.
95 Form of contract.
96 Pre-incorporation contracts.
97 Bills of exchange and promissory note.
98 Common seal of the company.
99 Official seal for use abroad.
100 Power of Attorney.
AUTHENTICATION AND SERVICE OF DOCUMENTS
101 Authentication of documents.
102 Execution of deeds by company.
103 Alternative to sealing.
104 Service of documents on companies.
CHAPTER 6 – MEMBERSHIP OF THE COMPANY
105 Definition of member.
106 Capacity to be a member.
107 Right of member to attend meetings and vote.
108 Personation of members.
109 Register of members.
110 Location of register.
111 Index of members to be kept.
112 Inspection of register and index.
113 Consequences of agents’ default to keep register.
114 Power to close register.
115 Power of Court to rectify register.
116 Register to be evidence.
117 Liability of members.
118 Liability for company debts where membership is below legal minimum.
DISCLOSURE OF PERSONS WITH SIGNIFICANT CONTROL
119 Disclosure of capacity by shareholder.
120 Obligation of disclosure by substantial shareholder in public company.
121 Person ceasing to be a substantial shareholder to notify company.
122 Register of interests in shares.
123 Registration of interests to be disclosed.
CHAPTER 7 – SHARE CAPITAL
124 Minimum issued share capital.
125 Alteration of share capital by consolidation, etc.
126 Notice required where shares consolidated, etc.
127 Increase of issued share capital and notice of increase.
128 Increase of issued capital on increase of shares.
129 Power for unlimited company to provide reserve share capital on re-registration.
REDUCTION OF SHARE CAPITAL
130 Restriction on reduction of issued share capital.
131 Special resolution for reduction of share capital.
132 Application to Court for Order of Confirmation.
133 Court order confirming reduction.
134 Registration of order and minutes of reduction.
135 Liability of members on reduced shares.
136 Penalty for concealing name of creditor, etc.
MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS RELATING TO CAPITAL
137 Duty of directors on serious loss of capital.
CHAPTER 8 – SHARES AND NATURE OF SHARES
138 Rights and liabilities attached to shares.
139 Shares as transferable property.
140 Prohibition of non-voting and weighted shares.
ISSUE OF SHARES
141 Power of companies to issue shares.
142 Pre-emptive rights of existing shareholders.
143 Issue of classes of shares.
144 Issue with rights attached.
145 Issue of shares at a premium.
146 Issue of shares at a discount.
147 Issue of redeemable preference shares.
148 Validation of improperly issued shares.
ALLOTMENT OF SHARES
149 Authority to allot shares.
150 Method of application and allotment.
151 Allotment as acceptance of contract.
152 Payment on allotment.
153 Effect of irregular allotment.
154 Return as to allotment.
155 Prohibition of payments of commissions, discounts out of shares and capital.
156 Power to pay Commission in certain cases.
157 Statement in balance sheet as to Commission.
CALL ON AND PAYMENT FOR SHARES
158 Call on shares.
159 Reserve liability of company having share capital.
160 Payment for shares.
161 Meaning of payment in cash.
162 Payment for shares of public companies other than in cash.
163 Power to pay different amounts on shares.
164 Lien on shares.
165 Forfeiture of shares.
CLASSES OF SHARES
166 Power to vary rights.
167 Application for cancellation of variation.
168 Right of a preference share to more than one vote.
169 Construction of class rights.
NUMBERING OF SHARES
170 Shares to be numbered.
171 Issue of share certificates.
172 Effect of share certificate.
173 Probate, etc., as evidence of grant.
174 Prohibition of bearer shares.
TRANSFER AND TRANSMISSION
175 Transfer of shares.
176 Entry in register of transfers.
177 Notice of refusal to register.
178 Transfer by personal representative.
179 Transmission of shares.
180 Protection of beneficiaries.
181 Certification of transfers.
TRANSACTIONS BY COMPANY IN RESPECT OF ITS OWN SHARES
182 Redemption of redeemable preference shares.
183 Prohibition of financial assistance by company for acquisition of its shares.
184 Acquisition by a company of its own shares.
185 Payment for share buyback.
186 Persons from who shares can be bought back.
187 Limit on number of shares acquired.
188 Enforceability of contract to acquire shares.
189 Re-issue of shares acquired.
190 Acquisition of shares of holding company.
CHAPTER 9 – DEBENTURES
CREATION OF DEBENTURE AND DEBENTURE STOCK
191 Power to borrow money, to charge property and to issue debentures.
192 Documents of title to debentures or certificate of debenture stock.
193 Statements to be included in debentures.
194 Effect of statements in debentures.
195 Enforcement of contracts relating to debentures.
TYPES OF DEBENTURES
196 Perpetual debentures.
197 Convertible debentures.
198 Secured or unsecured debentures.
199 Redeemable debentures.
200 Power to re-issue redeemed debentures in certain cases.
201 Rights of debenture holders.
202 Meetings of debenture holders.
FIXED AND FLOATING CHARGES
203 Meaning of floating and fixed charges.
204 Priority of fixed over floating charge.
205 Powers of the court.
206 Advertisement of appointment of receiver and manager.
207 Preferential payment to debenture holders in certain cases.
DEBENTURE TRUST DEEDS
208 Execution of debenture trust deed.
209 Contents of debenture trust deed.
210 Contents of debenture covered by trust deed.
211 Trustees for debenture holders.
212 Disqualification for appointment as trustee of debenture trust deed.
213 Liability of trustees for debenture holders.
214 Restrictions on transferability of debentures.
PROVISIONS AS TO COMPANY’S REGISTER OF CHARGES, DEBENTURE HOLDERS AND AS TO COPIES OF INSTRUMENTS CREATING CHARGES
215 Company to keep copies of instruments creating charges.
216 Company’s register of charges.
217 Inspection of register and copies of instrument.
218 Register of debenture holders.
219 Inspection of register of debentures, etc.
220 Entry in register of transfer.
221 Notice of refusal to register.
222 Registration of charges created by companies.
223 Register of particulars of charges.
224 Duty of company to register charges.
225 Duty of company acquiring property to register subsisting charges.
226 Existing charges.
227 Charges to secure fluctuating amounts.
228 Endorsement of certificate of registration on debentures.
229 Entries of satisfaction of charges
230 Rectification of register.
231 Registration of appointment order, etc.
REALISATION OF SECURITY
232 Realisation of debenture holder’s security.
233 Remedies available to debenture holders.
234 Application of certain sections.
CHAPTER 10 – MEETINGS AND PROCEEDINGS OF COMPANIES
235 Statutory Meeting.
236 Non-compliance and penalty.
237 Annual general meeting.
238 Businesses transacted at annual general meeting.
EXTRAORDINARY GENERAL MEETING
239 Extraordinary general meeting.
240 Place of meeting.
NOTICE OF MEETING
241 Length of notice for calling meetings.
242 Contents of notice.
243 Persons entitled to notice.
244 Service of notice.
245 Failure to give notice.
246 Additional notice.
247 Power of Court to order meetings.
248 Procedure of voting.
249 Right to demand poll.
250 Voting on a poll.
251 Right of attendance at general meeting.
252 Attendance at meetings.
253 Objections as to qualification to vote.
255 Corporation representation at meetings of companies, etc.
257 Disclosure of remuneration of managers.
259 Written resolutions.
260 Circulation of members’ resolutions.
261 Resolutions requiring special notice.
262 Registration and copies of certain resolutions.
263 Effect of resolutions passed at adjourned meetings.
MISCELLANEOUS MATTER RELATING TO MEETINGS AND PROCEEDING
265 Powers and duties of the chairman of the general meeting.
266 Minutes of proceedings and effect.
267 Inspection of minute books and copies.
268 Class meetings.
CHAPTER 11 – DIRECTORS
269 Meaning of directors.
270 Shadow director.
APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTORS
271 Number of directors.
272 Appointment of first directors.
273 Subsequent appointments of directors.
274 Casual vacancy.
275 Independent directors in public companies.
276 Liability of a person where not duly appointed.
277 Share qualification of directors.
278 Duty of directors to disclose age and multiple directorship to the company.
279 Provisions as to insolvent persons acting as directors.
280 Restraint of fraudulent persons.
281 Appointment of director for life.
282 Right to appoint a director at any age.
283 Disqualification for directorship.
284 Vacation of office of director.
285 Rotation of directors.
286 Validity of acts of directors.
287 Mode of voting on appointment of directors.
REMOVAL OF DIRECTORS
288 Removal of directors.
PROCEEDINGS OF DIRECTORS
289 Proceedings of directors.
291 Failure to have a quorum.
292 Notice of meeting.
REMUNERATION AND OTHER PAYMENTS
293 Remuneration of directors.
294 Remuneration of a managing director.
295 Prohibition of tax-free payments to directors.
296 Prohibition of loans to directors in certain circumstances.
297 Payment by company for loss of office to be approved.
298 Payment to director for loss of office, etc., or transfer of property illegal.
299 Directors to disclose payment for loss of office, etc., in certain cases.
300 Provisions supplementary to sections 298 -299.
DISCLOSURE OF DIRECTOR’S INTERESTS
301 Register of directors’ shareholding, etc.
302 General duty to give notice, etc.
303 Disclosure by directors of interests in contracts.
304 Particulars with respect to directors in trade catalogues, etc.
305 Duties of directors.
306 Conflicts of duties and interests.
307 Multiple directorships.
308 Duty of care and skill.
309 Legal position of directors.
PROPERTY TRANSACTIONS BY DIRECTORS
310 Substantial property transactions involving directors, controlling members, etc.
311 Exceptions from section 310.
312 Liabilities arising from contravention of section 310.
313 Prohibition of secret benefits.
MISCELLANEOUS MATTER RELATING TO DIRECTORS
314 Directors with unlimited liability in respect of a limited company.
315 Special resolution of limited company making liability of directors unlimited.
316 Personal liability of directors and officers.
317 Director’s contract of employment for more than five years.
318 Register of directors.
319 Particulars of directors to be registered.
320 Register of directors’ residential addresses.
321 Duty to notify the Commission of changes.
PARTICULARS OF DIRECTORS TO BE REGISTERED AND NOTIFIED TO THE COMMISSION
322 Power to make regulations on particulars of director.
RESTRICTION ON USE OR DISCLOSURE OF DIRECTOR’S ADDRESSES
323 Protected information.
324 Restriction on use or disclosure of protection information by company.
325 Protected information: restriction on use or disclosure by the Commission.
326 Permitted use or disclosure by the Commission.
327 Disclosure under Court order.
328 Circumstances in which Commission may put address on the public record.
329 Putting the address on the public record.
CHAPTER 12 – SECRETARIES
331 Avoidance of acts done by a person as director and secretary.
332 Qualification of a Secretary.
333 Appointment and removal of a secretary.
334 Fiduciary interests of a secretary.
335 Duties of a secretary.
336 Register of secretaries.
337 Particulars of secretaries to be registered: individuals.
338 Particulars of secretaries to be registered: corporate secretaries and firms.
339 Duty to notify the Commission of changes.
340 Particulars of secretaries to be registered and notified to the Commission: power to make regulations.
CHAPTER 13 – PROTECTION OF MINORITY AGAINST ILLEGAL AND OPPRESSIVE CONDUCT ACTION BY OR AGAINST THE COMPANY
341 Only company may sue for wrong or ratify irregular conduct.
342 Procedure for major asset transaction.
343 Protection of minority: injunction and declaration in certain cases.
344 Personal and representative action.
345 Definition of member.
346 Commencing derivative action.
347 Powers of the court.
348 Evidence of shareholders’ approval not decisive.
349 Court’s approval to discontinue.
350 No security for costs.
351 Interim costs.
RELIEF ON THE GROUNDS OF UNFAIRLY PREJUDICIAL AND OPPRESSIVE CONDUCT
354 Grounds upon which an application may be made.
355 Powers of the court.
356 Penalty for failure to comply with order of the court.
357 Investigation of a company on its own application or that of its members.
358 Other investigations of company.
359 Inspectors’ powers during investigation.
360 Production of documents and evidence to inspectors.
361 Power of Inspector to call for directors’ bank accounts.
362 Obstruction of Inspectors to be treated as contempt of Court.
363 Inspector’s report.
364 Power to bring civil proceedings on company’s behalf.
365 Criminal proceedings and other proceedings by the Attorney-General of the Federation.
366 Power of the Commission to present winding-up petition.
367 Expenses of investigation.
368 Inspectors’ report to be used as evidence in legal proceedings.
369 Appointment of inspectors to investigate ownership of a company.
370 Provisions applicable to investigation.
371 Power to require information as to persons interested in shares, etc.
372 Power to impose restrictions on shares, etc.
373 Savings for legal practitioners and bankers.
CHAPTER 14 – FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND AUDIT ACCOUNTING RECORDS
374 Companies to keep accounting records.
375 Place, duration and form of records.
376 Penalties for non-compliance with sections 374 or 375.
377 Directors’ duty to prepare annual accounts.
FORM AND CONTENT OF COMPANY, INDIVIDUAL AND GROUP FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
378 Form and content of individual financial statements.
379 Group financial statements of holding company.
380 Form and content of group financial statements.
381 Meaning of “holding company”, “subsidiary” and “wholly-owned subsidiary.”
382 Additional disclosure required in notes to financial statements.
383 Disclosure of loans in favour of directors and connected persons.
384 Disclosure of loans to officers of the company and statements of amounts outstanding.
385 Directors’ report.
PROCEDURE ON COMPLETION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
386 Signing of balance sheet and documents to be annexed thereto.
387 Persons entitled to receive financial statements as of right.
388 Directors’ duty to lay and deliver financial statements.
389 Penalty for non-compliance with section 388.
390 Default order in case of non-compliance.
391 Penalty for laying or delivering defective financial statements.
392 Shareholders’ right to obtain copies of financial statements.
MODIFIED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
393 Entitlement to deliver financial statements in modified form.
394 Qualification of a small company.
395 Companies qualifying as small: parent companies.
396 Modified individual financial statements.
397 Modified financial statements of holding company.
PUBLICATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
398 Publication by a company of full individual or group financial statements.
399 Publication of abridged financial statements.
400 Power to alter accounting requirements.
CHAPTER 15 – AUDIT
401 Appointment of auditors.
402 Exemption from audit requirement.
403 Qualification of auditors.
404 Auditors’ report and audit committee.
405 Corporate responsibility for financial reports.
406 Improper influence on conduct of audit.
407 Auditors’ duties and powers.
408 Remuneration of auditors.
409 Removal of auditors.
410 Auditors’ right to attend company’s meetings.
411 Supplementary provisions relating to auditors.
412 Resignation of auditors.
413 Right of resigning auditor to requisition company meeting.
414 Powers of auditors in relation to subsidiaries.
415 Liability of auditors for negligence.
416 False statements to auditors.
CHAPTER 16 – ANNUAL RETURNS
417 Annual return by company limited by shares or guarantee.
418 Annual return by company having shares other than small company.
419 Annual return by small company.
420 Annual return by company limited by guarantee.
421 Time for completion and delivery of annual return.
422 Documents to be annexed to annual return.
423 Certificate by private company and small company in annual return.
424 Exception in certain cases of unlimited companies and small companies from requirements of section 422.
425 Penalty for non-compliance with sections 417- 423.
426 Declaration of dividends and payment of interim dividend.
427 Distributable profits.
428 Restriction on declaration and payment of dividends.
429 Unclaimed dividends.
430 Reserve and capitalisation.
431 Employees’ shares and profit sharing.
432 Right of the shareholders to sue for dividends.
433 Liability for paying dividend out of capital.
CHAPTER 17 – COMPANY VOLUNTARY ARRANGEMENTS
434 Those who may propose an arrangement.
435 Procedure where nominee is not the liquidator or administrator.
436 Summoning of meetings.
CONSIDERATION AND IMPLEMENTATION PROPOSAL
437 Decisions of meetings.
438 Approval of arrangement.
439 Effect of approval.
440 Challenge of decisions.
441 A false representation, etc.
442 Implementation of proposal.
CHAPTER 18 – ADMINISTRATION OF COMPANIES
NATURE OF ADMINISTRATION
443 Appointment of administrator.
444 Purpose of administration.
445 Standard of performance of administrator.
446 Status of administrator.
447 General restrictions on appointment of administrator.
APPOINTMENT OF ADMINISTRATOR BY COURT
448 Administration order.
449 Conditions for making order.
450 Application to Court for administration order.
451 Powers of Court.
452 Power to appoint by holder of floating charge.
453 Restrictions on power to appoint.
454 When not to appoint administrator.
455 Notice of appointment.
456 Commencement of appointment of administrator under section 450.
457 Notification of appointment.
458 Invalid appointment and indemnity.
APPOINTMENT OF ADMINISTRATION BY COMPANY OR DIRECTORS OUT OF COURT
459 Power to appoint by company or directors.
460 Restrictions on power to appoint.
461 Effect of moratorium on the appointment of administrator.
462 Effect of non-disposal of winding-up petition on appointment of administrator.
463 Notice of intention to appoint.
464 Filing of notice of intention to appoint.
465 Requirements of sections 463 and 464 to be complied with.
466 Filing of notice of appointment.
467 Offence in relation to section 464.
468 Where person not entitled to notice of intention to appoint.
469 Commencement of appointment under section 459.
470 Notification of administrator of his appointment.
471 Effect of administration order on appointment.
ADMINISTRATION – SPECIAL CASES
472 Application by holder of floating charge.
473 Intervention by holder of floating charge.
474 Application where company in liquidation.
475 Administration application by liquidator.
476 Effect of receivership based on appointment by a holder of a fixed charge.
EFFECT OF ADMINISTRATION
477 Dismissal of pending winding-up petition.
478 Vacation of office by receiver.
479 Company in administration.
480 Moratorium on other legal process.
481 Where administration application or administration order not yet granted.
482 Details to be stated on documents.
PROCESS OF ADMINISTRATION
483 Announcement of administrator’s appointment.
484 Administrator to be provided with statement of affairs of company.
485 Period within which to submit statement of affairs.
486 Administrator’s proposals.
487 Creditors’ meeting.
488 Requirement for initial creditors’ meeting.
489 Restrictions on summoning of initial creditors’ meeting.
490 Business and result of initial creditors’ meeting.
491 Revision of administrator’s proposal.
492 Failure to obtain approval of administrator’s proposals.
493 Further creditors’ meetings.
494 Creditors’ Committee.
495 Correspondence instead of creditors’ meeting.
FUNCTIONS OF ADMINISTRATOR
496 General powers.
497 Additional powers of administrator.
498 Power to remove or appoint director.
499 Power to call meetings of members and creditors.
500 Application for direction of Court.
501 Management power not to be exercised without consent of administrator.
503 Payments likely to achieve purpose of administration.
504 Custody and control of property.
505 Management of affairs of company.
506 Administrator as agent of company.
507 Charged property: floating charge.
508 Charged property: non-floating charge.
509 Hire-purchase property.
510 Protection for secured or preferential creditor.
511 Challenge to administrator’s conduct of company.
CESSATION OF ADMINISTRATION
513 Automatic cessation of administration.
514 When to make order under section 513 of this Act.
515 Meaning of consent for purposes of section 513 (2) (b) of this Act.
516 Form and extent of consent.
517 Cessation of administration by Court on application of administrator.
518 Termination of administration where objective is achieved.
519 Cessation of administration by Court on application of creditors.
520 Public interest winding-up.
521 Moving from administration to creditors’ voluntary liquidation.
522 Moving from administration to dissolution.
523 Discharge of administration order on cessation of administration.
524 Notice to the Commission on cessation of administration.
REPLACEMENT OF ADMINISTRATOR
525 Resignation of administrator.
526 Removal of administrator from office.
527 Administrator ceasing to be qualified.
528 Supplying vacancy in office of administrator.
529 Replacement of administrator appointed by Court order.
530 Replacement of administrator appointed by holder of floating charge.
531 Replacement of administrator appointed by company.
532 Replacement of administrator appointed by directors.
533 Replacement of administrator appointed by administration order.
534 Substitution of administrator by a competing floating charge-holder.
535 Substitution of administrator appointed by company or directors by creditors’ meeting.
536 Discharge from liability on vacation of office.
537 Charges and liabilities on vacation of office.
538 Joint and concurrent administrators.
539 Joint administrators.
540 Concurrent administrators.
541 Joint and concurrent administrators acting with administrator of company.
542 Presumption of validity.
543 Majority decision of directors.
545 Extension of time limit.
546 Variation of time.
547 Period extended under section 545 or 546.
548 Amendment of provision about time.
549 Interpretation of this Chapter.
CHAPTER 19 — RECEIVERS AND MANAGERS,
APPOINTMENT OF RECEIVERS AND MANAGERS
550 Disqualification for appointment as a receiver or manager.
551 Power of the court to appoint official receiver for debenture holders and other creditors.
552 Appointment of receivers and managers by the Court.
553 Receivers and managers appointed out of Court.
554 Power of a receiver or manager appointed out of Court to apply to the Court for directions.
555 Notification to the Commission that a receiver or manager has been appointed.
DUTIES, POWERS AND LIABILITIES OF RECEIVERS AND MANAGERS
556 Duties and powers of receivers and managers.
557 Liabilities of receivers and managers on contracts.
558 Power of the Court to fix remuneration on application of liquidator.
PROCEDURE AFTER APPOINTMENT
559 Information where receiver or manager appointed in respect of a floating charge.
560 Special provisions as to statement submitted to receiver.
ACCOUNTS BY RECEIVER OR MANAGER
561 Delivery to Commission of accounts of receivers and managers.
DUTY AS TO RETURNS
562 Enforcement of duty of receivers and managers to make returns, etc.
CONSTRUCTION OF REFERENCES
563 Construction of references to receivers and managers.
CHAPTER 20 — WINDING UP OF COMPANIES MODES OF WINDING UP
564 Modes of winding up.
565 Liability as contributories of present and past members.
566 Definition of contributory.
567 Nature of liability of contributory.
568 Contributories in case of death of member.
569 Contributories in case of bankruptcy of member.
CHAPTER 21 — WINDING UP BY THE COURT JURISDICTION
570 Jurisdiction as to winding up.
CASES IN WHICH COMPANY MAY BE WOUND UP
571 Circumstances in which companies may be wound up by Court.
572 Definition of inability to pay debts.
PETITION FOR WINDING-UP AND ITS EFFECTS
573 Provisions as to application for winding up.
574 Powers of Court on hearing petition.
575 Power to stay or restrain proceedings against company.
576 Avoidance of dispositions of property after commencement of winding up.
577 Avoidance of attachments.
COMMENCEMENT OF WINDING-UP
578 Commencement of a winding-up by the Court.
CONSEQUENCES OF INDING-UP ORDER
579 Copy of order to be forwarded to Commission.
580 Actions stayed on winding-up order.
581 Effect of winding-up order.
582 Definition of official receiver.
583 Statement of company’s affairs to be submitted to official receiver.
584 Report by official receiver.
585 Appointment, remuneration and title of liquidators.
586 Custody of company’s property.
587 Vesting of property of company in liquidator.
588 Powers of liquidator.
589 Liquidator to give information, to official receiver.
590 Exercise and control of liquidator’s powers.
591 Payments by liquidator into companies’ liquidation account.
592 Audit of liquidator’s account.
593 Books to be kept by liquidator.
594 Release of liquidator.
595 Control over liquidators.
COMMITTEE OF INSPECTION, SPECIAL MANAGER
596 Power to appoint committee of inspection after meeting of creditors and others.
597 Powers, etc. of committee of inspection.
598 Powers where no committee of inspection is appointed.
599 Power to appoint special manager.
600 Official receiver as receiver for debenture holders.
GENERAL POWERS OF COURT IN THE CASE OF WINDING-UP BY COURT
601 Power to stay winding-up.
602 Settlement of list of contributories and application of assets.
603 Delivery of property to liquidator.
604 Payments by contributory to company and set-off allowance.
605 Power of Court to make calls.
606 Power to order payment into companies’ liquidation account.
607 Order on contributory to be conclusive evidence.
608 Power to exclude creditors not proving in time.
609 Adjustment of rights of contributors.
610 Inspection of books by creditors and contributories.
611 Power to order costs of winding-up to be paid out of assets.
612 Power to summon persons suspected of having property of company, etc.
613 Power to order public examination of promoters, etc.
614 Power to arrest absconding contributory.
615 Powers of Court cumulative.
616 Delegation to liquidator of certain powers of Court.
617 Dissolution of company.
ENFORCEMENT OF AND APPEALS FROM ORDERS
618 Power to enforce orders.
619 Appeals from orders.
CHAPTER 22 — VOLUNTARY WINDING UP RESOLUTIONS FOR AND
COMMENCEMENT OF VOLUNTARY WINDING UP
620 Circumstances in which company may be wound-up voluntarily.
621 Notice of resolution to wind-up voluntarily.
622 Commencement of voluntary winding-up.
623 Effect of voluntary winding-up on business, etc., of company.
624 Avoidance of transfer, etc., after commencement of voluntary winding-up.
DECLARATION OF SOLVENCY
625 Statutory declaration of solvency where proposal to wind-up voluntarily.
PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO A MEMBER’S VOLUNTARY WINDING-UP
626 Provisions applicable to a members’ voluntary winding-up.
627 Power to appoint liquidators.
628 Power to fill vacancy in office of liquidators.
629 Liquidator to call creditors’ meeting on insolvency.
630 Liquidator to call general meeting at end of each year.
631 Final meeting and dissolution.
632 Alternative provisions as to annual and final meetings in insolvency cases.
633 Books and accounts during members’ voluntary winding-up.
PROVISION APPLICABLE TO A CREDITOR’S VOLUNTARY WINDING-UP
634 Provisions applicable to creditors’ winding-up voluntarily.
635 Meeting of creditors.
636 Appointment of liquidator and cesser of directors’ powers.
637 Appointment of committee of inspection.
638 Fixing of liquidators’ remuneration.
639 Power to fill vacancy in the office of liquidator.
640 Liquidator to call meetings of company and others at the end of each year.
641 Final meeting and dissolution.
PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO EVERY VOLUNTARY WINDING-UP
642 Provisions applicable to every voluntary winding-up.
643 Distribution of property of company.
644 Powers of liquidator in every voluntary winding-up.
645 Power of Court to appoint liquidator.
646 Power to apply to Court to determine questions or exercise powers.
647 Costs of voluntary winding-up.
648 Saving of rights of creditors and contributories.
CHAPTER 23 — WINDING UP SUBJECT TO SUPERVISION OF COURT
649 Power to order winding-up subject to supervision.
650 Effect of petition for winding-up subject to supervision.
651 Application of sections 576 and 577.
652 Power of Court to appoint and remove liquidators.
653 Effect of supervision order.
CHAPTER 24 — PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO EVERY MODE OF WINDING-UP
654 Liquidator to give notice of appointment.
655 Debts of all descriptions may be proved.
656 Application of bankruptcy rules in certain cases.
657 Preferential payments.
EFFECT OF WINDING-UP AND ADMINISTRATION ON ANTECEDENT AND OTHER TRANSACTIONS
658 Fraudulent preference.
659 Transactions at an undervalue.
660 Liabilities and rights of certain fraudulently preferred persons.
661 Avoidance of attachments, on winding-up subject to supervision of the Court.
662 Effect of floating charge.
663 Disclaimer of onerous property.
664 Persons injured.
665 Supplies of gas, water, electricity, etc.
666 Restriction of rights of creditor as to execution, etc., on winding- up of company.
667 Duty of sheriff as to goods taken in execution.
OFFENCES ANTECEDENT TO OR IN COURSE OF WINDING-UP
668 Offences by officers of company in liquidation.
669 Falsification of books.
670 Frauds by officers of companies in liquidation.
671 Liability where proper accounts not kept.
672 Responsibility for fraudulent trading.
673 Wrongful trading.
674 Power of Court to assess damages against delinquent directors.
PROSECUTION OF DELINQUENT OFFICERS AND MEMEBRS OF A COMPANY
675 Prosecution of delinquent officers and members of a company.
SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS AS TO WINDING-UP
676 Disqualifications for appointment as liquidator.
677 Corrupt inducement affecting appointment as liquidator.
678 Enforcement of duty of liquidator to make returns.
679 Notification that a company is in liquidation.
680 Exemption from stamp duty.
681 Books of company to be evidence.
682 Disposal of books and other papers of company.
683 Information as to pending liquidations and disposal of unclaimed assets.
684 Resolutions passed at adjourned meetings of creditors.
685 Power to make over assets to employees.
SUPPLEMENTARY POWERS OF COURT
686 Meetings to ascertain wishes of creditors and others.
687 Judicial notice of signatures of officers of Court.
688 Judicial notice of signatures of certain government officials.
689 Special commissioners for receiving evidence.
690 Affidavits in Nigeria and elsewhere.
PROVISIONS AS TO DISSOLUTION
691 Power of Court to void dissolution of company.
692 Power of Commission to strike off defunct company.
693 Property of dissolved company to be declared as bona vacantia.
694 Companies liquidation account defined.
695 Investment of surplus funds in government securities.
696 Separate accounts of particular estates.
RETURNS BY OFFICERS OF COURT
697 Returns by officers in winding-up.
ACCOUNT TO BE PREPARED ANNUALLY
698 Annual accounts of company winding-up and disposal.
CHAPTER 25 — WINDING UP OF UNREGISTERED COMPANIES
699 Winding-up of unregistered company.
700 Contributories in winding-up unregistered company.
701 Power of Court to stay or restrain proceedings.
702 Action stayed on winding-up order.
703 Provisions of this Part to be cumulative.
CHAPTER 26 — MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS APPLYING TO COMPANIES WHICH ARE INSOLVENT
704 Acting as insolvency practitioner.
705 Qualification of insolvency practitioner.
706 Recognition of professional body by the Commission.
707 Application for authorisation to act as insolvency practitioner.
708 Commission to notify the party of the refusal or withdrawal of authorisation.
709 Review of Commission’s decision.
CHAPTER 27 — ARRANGEMENTS AND COMPROMISE
710 Definition of arrangement.
711 Arrangement or compromise between two or more companies.
712 Provisions applicable to schemes or contacts involving transfer of shares in a company.
713 Provisions applicable to dissenting shareholders.
714 Arrangement on sale of company’s property during members’ voluntary winding-up.
715 Power to compromise with creditors and members.
716 Information as to compromise with creditors and members.
717 Moratorium on creditors voluntary winding up in a scheme of arrangement.
CHAPTER 28 — NETTING
718 Definition of applicable concepts.
719 Powers of a financial regulatory authority.
720 Enforceability of a qualified financial contract.
721 Enforceability of netting agreements.
CHAPTER 29 — MISCELLANEOUS AND SUPPLEMENTAL APPLICATION OF THIS PART
722 Application of this Part.
723 Act to override memorandum, articles.
724 Application of Act to companies registered under former enactments.
725 Application of Act to companies registered but not formed.
726 Application of Act to unlimited companies registered under former enactments.
727 Restricted in this Schedule application of Act to unregistered companies.
728 Registered and head office of company.
729 Publication of name by company.
731 Form of register.
732 Rules of Court for winding-up of companies.
733 Certain companies to publish statement in prescribed form.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS, ETC
734 Prosecution of offences.
735 Production of documents where offences suspected.
736 Costs in actions by certain limited companies.
737 Saving for privileged communications.
738 Power of Court to grant relief in certain cases.
739 Penalty for improper use of certain words.
740 Extended effect of penalty for offence of fraudulent trading.
741 Application of fines.
742 Application by the Commission to the Court for directions.
743 Alteration and application of Schedules, tables and forms.
744 Enforcement of duty of company to make returns to Commission.
745 Power of company to provide for employees on cessation or transfer of business.
CHAPTER 1 — NATURE OF LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP
746 Limited liability partnership to be body corporate.
748 Minimum number of partners.
749 Designated partner.
750 Liabilities of designated partners.
751 Changes in designated partners.
752 Penalty for contravention of sections 749 – 751.
CHAPTER 2 — INCORPORATION OF LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP AND INCIDENTAL MATTERS
753 Incorporation documents.
754 Incorporation by registration.
755 Registered office of limited liability partnership and change therein.
756 Effect of registration.
758 Reservation of name and change of name.
759 Penalty for improper use of words, limited liability partnership or LLP.
760 Publication of name and limited liability.
CHAPTER 3 — PARTNERS AND THEIR RELATIONS
761 Eligibility to be partners.
762 Relationship of the partners.
763 Cessation of partnership interest.
764 Registration of changes in partners.
CHAPTER 4 — EXTENT AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY OF LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP AND PARTNERS
765 Partner as agent.
766 Extent of liability of limited liability partnership.
767 Extent of liability of partner.
768 Holding out.
769 Unlimited liability in case of fraud.
CHAPTER 5 — CONTRIBUTIONS
770 Form of contribution.
771 Obligation to contribute.
CHAPTER 6 — FINANCIAL DISCLOSURES
772 Maintenance of books of accounts, other records and audit.
773 Annual return.
CHAPTER 7 — ASSIGNMENT AND TRANSFER OF PARTNERSHIP RIGHTS
774 Partner’s transferable interest.
CHAPTER 8 — INVESTIGATION
775 Investigation of the affairs of limited liability partnership.
776 Application by partners for investigation.
777 Firm, body corporate or association not to be appointed as inspector.
778 Power of inspectors to carry out investigation into affairs of related entities, etc.
779 Production of documents and evidence.
780 Seizure of documents by inspector.
781 Inspector’s report.
782 Power to bring civil proceedings on limited liability partnership’s behalf.
783 Criminal proceedings and other proceedings by the Attorney-General of the Federation.
784 Power of the Commission to present winding-up petition.
785 Expenses of investigation.
786 Application for winding up of limited liability partnership.
787 Inspector’s report to be evidence.
CHAPTER 9 — FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP
788 Foreign limited liability partnerships.
789 CHAPTER 10 — WINDING UP AND DISSOLUTION
Winding up and dissolution.
790 Circumstances in which limited liability partnership may be wound up by Court.
791 CHAPTER 11 — MISCELLANEOUS
Disclosure of significant control in a limited liability partnership.
792 Business transactions of partner with limited liability partnership.
793 Power of the Commission to strike defunct limited liability partnership off register.
794 Power to make rules.
CHAPTER 1 — NATURE OF LIMITED PARTNERSHIP
795 Constitution of limited partnerships.
796 Partners in a limited partnership.
CHAPTER 2 — REGISTRATION OF LIMITED PARTNERSHIP AND INCIDENTAL MATTERS
797 Limited partnership to be registered.
798 Application for registration.
799 Certificate of registration.
800 Registration of changes in partnership.
801 Notice of change in status of general partner or assignment of share of limited partner.
802 Name of limited partnership.
803 Reservation of name and change of name of limited partnership.
804 Penalty for improper use of words “limited partnership” or “LP”.
805 Commission to keep register.
806 Modification of general law in case of limited partnerships.
807 Application of Part C.
808 Law as to private partnerships to apply where not excluded by this Act.
809 Inspection, etc. of documents.
810 Liability for false statement.
CHAPTER 1 — ESTABLISHMENT OF BUSINESS NAMES REGISTRY; APPOINTMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF HEAD OF OFFICE AND OTHER OFFICERS
811 Establishment of business names registry in each state.
812 Appointment of head of office and other officers of business names registry.
813 Functions of the head of office.
CHAPTER 2 — REGISTRATION OF BUSINESS NAMES
814 Registration of business names.
815 Procedure for registration.
816 Entry of business name in the register.
817 Certificate of registration.
818 Registration of changes.
CHAPTER 3 — REMOVAL OF BUSINESS NAME FROM REGISTER
819 Removal of name from register.
CHAPTER 4 — MISCELLANEOUS AND SUPPLEMENTAL
820 Publication of true name.
821 Liability of person in default.
822 Annual returns.
CHAPTER 1 — INCORPORATED TRUSTEES
823 Incorporation of trustees of certain communities, bodies and associations.
824 Classification of associations.
825 Method of application.
826 Qualification of trustees.
828 Advertisement and objections.
829 Registration and certificate.
830 Effect of registration and certificate.
831 Related associations.
CHAPTER 2 — CHANGES IN REGISTERED PARTICULARS OF INCORPORATED TRUSTEES
832 Change of name or object.
833 Alteration of provisions of the constitution.
834 Replacement and appointment of additional trustees.
835 Changes in contravention of certain provisions of this Part of this Act.
CHAPTER 3 — COUNCIL, POWERS, INCOME AND PROPERTY
836 Council or governing body.
837 Exercise of powers of trustee.
838 Application of income and property.
CHAPTER 4 — SUSPENSION OF TRUSTEES, APPOINTMENT OF INTERIM MANAGERS, ETC.
839 Suspension of trustees, etc., appointment of interim manager, etc.
CHAPTER 5 — COMMON SEAL AND CONTRACT
840 Common seal.
841 Contract of corporate body.
CHAPTER 6 — ACCOUNTS AND ANNUAL RETURNS
POWER TO DIRECT TRANSFER OF CREDIT IN DORMANT BANK
842 Accounts of dissolved incorporated trustees.
843 Accounts which cease to be dormant before transfer.
844 Dormant bank accounts: supplementary.
845 Bi-annual statement of affairs.
846 Accounting records and statement of accounts.
847 Preservation of accounting records.
848 Annual returns.
CHAPTER 7 — MERGER AND DISSOLUTION
849 Merger of associations.
850 Dissolution of a corporate body formed under this Act.
CHAPTER 1 — ESTABLISHMENT, ETC. OF ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS COMMITTEE
851 Establishment, etc. of administrative proceedings committee.
852 Prohibited and restricted names.
853 Duty to seek comments of government department or other body.
854 Permitted characters.
855 Misleading information, etc.
856 Misleading indication of activities.
857 Objection to the registered name of a company, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, business name or incorporated trustees.
858 Decision of administrative proceedings committee to be made available to the public.
CHAPTER 3 — MISCELLANEOUS AND SUPPLEMENTAL
859 Resubmission of lost or destroyed registered documents.
860 Electronic documents.
861 Preservation of documents and inspection.
862 Penalty for false statements or information.
863 Penalty for carrying on business without registration.
864 Retention of records archived in soft copies.
865 Access to premises, etc.
866 Power to compound offences.
869 Repeal and savings.